Epodes was initiated in 2006 by Prof. Cigdem Ă–zkara in order to stimulate the development of epilepsy surgery in central and eastern Europe but is now open also for other applicants. The program is organized under the aegis of and with funding from the Commission of European Affairs (CEA) and the Commission on Surgical therapies of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) and in liaison with the Commissions for Education and for Therapeutic Strategies of the ILAE.